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Karsten Fyhn

Opdateret d. 16-11-02

Aron Nimzowitsch

Aron Nimzowitsch was born November 7th 1886 in Riga, Latvia. He died March 16th 1935 in Copenhagen.

Nimzowitsch's life was split in two, before and after the First World War. His first international result was in Ostende 1907 where he tied for third with Mieses after Bernstein and Rubinstein. Before World War I Nimzowitsch played in several big tournaments. But the war brought an end to all tournament activity. After the world war and the Russian revolution and the following civil war, Nimzowitsch escaped to Scandinavia where he after two years in Sweden settled in Copenhagen where he had many friends.

His best results started in 1925 where he tied for first with Rubinstein in Marienbad. In 1926 he won tournaments in Dresden and Hannover and he was considered one of the best players in the world. Especially after his great win in Carlsbad 1929 in front of world champion Capablanca he was a serious challenger for the world title. Unfortunately because of lack of sponsors he never obtained a match for the title.

Today Nimzowitsch is best known for his book "My System". Nimzowitsch was a pioneer in the "Hypermodern" playing style. The hypermodern ideas were a revolution in chess and changed the way chess was played. One of the main ideas in Nimzowitsch's writings was that it was much more important to control the center (possible with pieces from the distance) than to occupy it with pawns.

Nimzowitsch's influence on chess in Denmark has been enormous. He has been called "Denmark's Chess Teacher".


Nimzowitsch in International Tournaments

1904
Coburg 1.Neumann, Vidmar 13½, 3.Duras 12½, 4. Spielman 12, 5.Lange 11, 6.Nimzowitsch 10½
1905
Vienna 1.Schlechter 13, 2.Wolf 12, 3.-4.Köwy, Perlis 10½, 5.Fleischmann 9, 6.Nimzowitsch 8
1906
Munich 1.Nimzowitsch 8½, 2.Spielman 6½
1907
Ostende 1.-2.Bernstein, Rubinstein 19½, 3.-4.Miesis, Nimzowitsch 19
Carlsbad 1.Rubinstein 15, 2.Maroczy 14½, 3.-4.Nimzowitsch, Schlechter 12½
1910
Hamburg 1.Schlechter 11½, 2.Duras 11, 3.Nimzowitsch 10½, 4.Spielmann 10
1911
San Sebastian 1. Capablanca 9½, 2.-3.Rubinstein, Vidmar 9, 4.Marshall 8½, 5.-7.Nimzowitsch, Schlechter, Tarrasch 7½
Carlsbad 1.Teichmann 18, 2.-3.Rubinstein, Schlechter 17, 4.Rotlewi 16, 5.-6.Marshall, Nimzowitsch 15½
1912
San Sebasian 1.Rubinstein 12, 2.-3.Nimzowitsch, Spielman 12. 4. Tarrasch 11½
Vilna 1.Rubinstein 12, 2.Bernstein 11½, 3.Lewitzky 11, 4.Nimzowitsch 10½
1913
St. Peterburg (Russian Championship) 1.-2. Alekhine, Nimzowitsch 13½
1914
St. Peterburg 1.Lasker 13½, 2.Capablanca 13, 3.Alekhine 10, 4.Tarrasch 8½, ... 8.Nimzowitsch 4
1920
Göteborg 1.Reti 9½, 2. Rubinstein 9, 3.Bogoljubov 8, ... 12.Nimzowitsch 4½ Stockholm 1.Bogoljubov 12½, 2.Nimzowitsch 12, 3.Olson 8
1922
Copenhagen 1.Nimzowitsch 6½, 2.-3. Gemzøe, Jacobsen 5
1923
Copenhagen 1.Nimzowitsch 8, 2.-3. Sämisch, Tartakower 6
Carlsbad 1.-3.Alekhine, Bogoljubov, Maroczy 11½, 4.-5.Grünfeld, Reti 10½, 6.-7.Nimzowitsch, Treybal 10
1924
Copenhagen 1.Nimzowitsch 9½, 2.Johner 8
1925
Baden-Baden 1.Alekhine 16, 2.Rubinstein 14½, 3.Sämisch 13½, ... 9.Nimzowitsch 11
Marienbad 1.-2.Nimzowitsch, Rubinstein 11, 3.-4.Marshall, Torre 10
Breslau 1.Bogoljubov 9½, 2.Nimzowitsch 7½, 3.-4.Rubinstein, Wagner 7
1926
Semmering 1.Spielmann 13, 2.Alekhine 12½, 3.Vidmar 12, 4.-5.Nimzowitsch, Tartakover 11½
Dresden 1.Nimzowitsch 8½, 2.Alekhine 7, 3.Rubinstein 6½
Hannover 1. Nimzowitsch 6½, 2.Rubinstein 6½, 3. Holzhausen 4
1927
New York 1.Capablanca 14, 2. Alekhine 11½, 3.Nimzowitsch 10½, 4.Vidmar 10
Berlin 1.Brinckman 6½, 2.Bogoljubov, Nimzowitsch, Sämisch 6
Copenhagen 1.Maroczy 4, Nimzowitsch, Ruben 3½
Kecskemet 1.Alekhine 12, 2.-3.Nimzowitsch, Steiner 11½, 4.Asztalos 9½
Niendorf 1.-2.Nimzowitsch, Tartakower 5½, 3.Colle 4
London 1.-2.Nimzowitsch, Tartakower 8, 3.Marshall 7½ 4.Vidmar 7
London 1.Nimzowitsch 8½, Yates 6½ 3.-4.Buerger, Winter 5½
1928
Berlin 1.Nimzowitsch 10, 2.Bogoljubov 9½, 3.Tartakover 8
Copenhagen 1.Nimzowitsch 5½, 2.-3.Andersen, Gemzøe 4½
Kissingen 1.Bogoljubov 8, 2.Capablanca 7, 3.-4.Euwe, Rubinstein 6½, 5.Nimzowitsch 6
Berlin 1.Capablanca 8½, 2.Nimzowitsch 7, 3.Spielmann 6½
Copenhagen 1.Nimzowitsch 4, 2.Norman-Hansen 3½
1929
Carlsbad 1.Nimzowitsch 15, 2.Capablanca, Spielmann 14½, 3.Rubinstein 13½, 4.-6.Becker, Euwe, Vidmar 12
1930
San Remo 1.Alekhine 14, 2.Nimzowitsch 10½, 3.Rubinstein 10, 4.Bogoljubov 9½
Liége 1.Tartakower 8½, 2.Sultan Khan 6½, 3.-5.Ahues, Colle, Nimzowitsch 6
Frankfurt am Main 1.Nimzowitsch 9½, 2.Kashdan 9
1931
Winterthur 1.Nimzowitsch 7½, Johner 5½
Veldes (Bad Bled) 1.Alekhine 20½, 2.Bogoljubov 15, 3.Nimzowitsch 14, 4.-7.Flohr, Kashdan, Stoltz, Vidmar 13½
1933
Copenhagen 1.Nimzowitsch 5½, 2.Stoltz 5, 3.Andersen, Enevoldsen, Ståhlberg 4
1934
Stockholm 1.Lundin 7½, 2.Nimzowitsch 7, 3.Stoltz 6½
Zürich 1.Alekhine 13, 2.-3.Euwe, Flohr 12, 4.Bogoljubov 11½, 5.Lasker 10, 6.-7.Bernstein, Nimzowitsch 9
Copenhagen (Nordic Championship) 1.Nimzowitsch 6½, 2.Lundin 6, Ståhlberg 5½

Nimzowitsch in International Matches

1904
Munich Nimzowitsch - Spielmann +4=4-5
1908
Munich Nimzowitsch - Spielmann +1=4-1
1911
Hamburg Nimzowitsch - Leonhardt +0=4-1
1913
St. Petersburg (Russian Ch. play off) Nimzowitsch - Alekhine +1=1-0
1920
Stockholm Nimzowitsch - Bogoljubov +1=3-0
1923
Kolding Nimzowitsch - Brinkmann +4=0-0
1934
Göteborg Nimzowitsch - Ståhlberg +2=4-2
Stockholm Nimzowitsch - Stoltz +2=1-3


Copyright 2002 Karsten Fyhn. All rights reserved.



Links

Aron Nimzowitsch by Per Skjoldager

Grandmasters I Have Known by Hans Kmoch (from Chess Cafe)

Uncrowned Kings More than 600 Nimzowitsch games for download.

On Nimzowitsch Dedicated to Aron Nimzowitsch.